The Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016, [“the Aadhaar Act“], as the name suggests, aims at targeted delivery of subsidies, benefits and services by providing unique identity(UID) numbers based on an individual’s demographic and bio-metric information. Aadhaar enrollment is, in principle, voluntary – both as per the Central Government’s own stand and repeated orders of the Supreme Court since 2013. The Government has, however, slowly been linking government (and other services) to the Aadhaar card. Since January 2017, the Government has issued 22 notifications making Aadhaar mandatory for obtaining a range of services, ranging from the Mid-Day Meal scheme to maternity benefits. The Aadhaar number is likely to become a pre-requisite for filing income tax returns and applying for a PAN card.